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  • Writer's pictureClara Sohyun Park

[Piano Basics] Piano Keys & The Music Alphabet

Updated: Aug 25, 2023

The piano keyboard consists of a total of 88 keys,

[Comprising 36 black keys and 52 white keys.]

The black keys are organized into two groups of two, followed by three in sequence.

The musical alphabet consists of 7 letters: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G.

This pattern continues sequentially.

Below 2 black keys, there are 3 white keys arranged in the order of


and below 3 black keys, there are 4 white keys arranged as


As you move to the right, the pitch increases, following the sequence

A B C D E F G...

When moving to the left, the pitch decreases, following the pattern

A G F E D C B ..

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